FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
From the New Jersey Economic Development Guide 2021
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Where International Companies Need to Be

FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
by Mark Arend

Perhaps the reason New Jersey has so many top-notch ethnic restaurants is because more than 1,100 international employers from around the globe have operations in the state. They employ nearly 285,000 workers, 35% of whom are in manufacturing. Not all of them are from outside the U.S., of course. But many are, and they find in New Jersey not just an abundance of cuisine options, but several even more compelling reasons to have business operations there.

According to the Global Business Alliance, New Jersey has the highest concentration of foreign direct investment (FDI) jobs as a share of private-sector employment in the U.S., at 8.1% in a tie with South Carolina. In the past five years, the state’s FDI employment has grown 25% relative to overall private-sector growth of 8%. New Jersey is home to more than 225,000 scientists and engineers, and it awards the second highest percentage of STEM degrees in the Northeast. It has more than 60 colleges and universities and consistently performs strongly on education measures used in national business climate rankings. It’s in the heart of the Boston-New York-Washington corridor and its more than 56 million residents. The Port of New Yok/New Jersey is the largest on the East Coast, and Newark Liberty International Airport has nonstop flights to more than 130 international cities. That’s a huge advantage to company personnel coming to visit their New Jersey operations.

Where Foreign Investment Comes From

Companies based in France, the United Kingdom and Canada are the largest investors in New Jersey according to the Global Business Alliance, but some other markets are making significant inroads. At an event on April 29 in Trenton marking Israel’s 72nd Independence Day, the New Jersey — Israel Commission noted that trade between New Jersey and Israel notably increased from 2018 to 2019, alongside steady investments from Israel.

Trends in trade data released at the time point to higher exports from New Jersey to Israel and larger amounts of foreign direct investment from Israel moving into New Jersey.

Data from the census for Trade and fDI Markets shows several positive developments from 2018 to 2019:

  • New Jersey moved from third to second place as a recipient of Israeli greenfield FDI in the Northeast and received the fourth largest amount of inward FDI from Israel between 2015-2019 amongst all U.S. states.
  • Israel moved up from 13th to 12th place between 2015 and 2019 as an international source of greenfield FDI in New Jersey.
  • Israel jumped two positions from 31st to 29th as the largest international trading partner of New Jersey.
  • New Jersey remains the fifth largest importer from Israel amongst the U.S. states.
  • Of all the U.S. states, Israel received the fourth largest amount of FDI from New Jersey between 2015 and 2019.

“Choose New Jersey was proud to lead a business attraction mission to Israel in February which created opportunities for economic growth both in New Jersey and Israel,” noted Jose Lozano, President & CEO of Choose New Jersey. “The new data reflects what we already know — Israel is increasing investment in our State with our shared focus being on innovation-driven industries.”

New Jersey’s Chief Salesman

Meanwhile, Governor Phil Murphy is actively drumming up FDI on business recruitment trips to Europe and elsewhere. One market where he is seeing particular success is India, where in September 2019 the governor announced in Mumbai that three Indian companies plan to expand in New Jersey, adding more than 1,200 jobs. Mumbai-based information technology firm Tata Consultancy Services will expand its workforce by approximately 700 jobs, bringing its New Jersey workforce to roughly 4,700 employees. Larsen & Toubro will add approximately 400 jobs, boosting its Edison workforce to about 1,000 workers. Birlasoft, part of the New Delhi-based conglomerate CK Birla Group, will add an additional 160 jobs. The governor also used to occasion to open a permanent office in India to facilitate investment in New Jersey.

In 2016, India-based Lupin Pharmaceuticals acquired Somerset-based GAVIS Pharmaceuticals and Novel Laboratories resulting in Lupin Somerset, its first generic drug contract manufacturing operation in the U.S. GAVIS employed more than 250 in New Jersey at the time of the acquisition. Lupin Pharmaceuticals announced a $42.6 million expansion of its Somerset, NJ facilities while meeting with Governor Murphy and the New Jersey delegation in India.

Today, the facility handles functional areas of pharmaceutical manufacturing, including quality control, packaging, production, quality assurance, regulatory affairs, research and development, formulation and technical services. The Somerset campus is also home to Lupin’s U.S. sales and marketing operations teams for the Specialty division.

Mark Arend
Editor in Chief of Site Selection magazine

Mark Arend

Mark Arend has been editor in chief of Site Selection magazine since 2001. Prior to joining the editorial staff in 1997, he worked for 10 years in New York City at Wall Street Computer Review, ABA Banking Journal and Global Investment Technology. Mark graduated from the University of Hartford (Conn.) in 1985 and lives near Atlanta, Georgia.

 





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