All states have tax incentives of one kind or another — but do they work? They are major budget commitments that collectively cost states billions of dollars a year, notes a recent report from The Pew Charitable Trusts: How States Are Improving Tax Incentives for Jobs and Growth, which was released in May. “Policymakers across the country increasingly are demanding high-quality information on the results of tax incentives,” the report asserts in its overview.
Oklahoma is one of 10 states that excel at measuring, rigorously, the economic and fiscal impact of their programs, it points out. The other nine are Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska and Washington. “As a result, policymakers have realistic, reliable information on the effectiveness of incentives.”
How did Oklahoma make the list? The Pew report makes these observations:
Following is the report’s analysis of Oklahoma’s incentives scene:
“For years, Oklahoma lawmakers have disagreed sharply on incentive policy. Some view incentives as an essential tool for attracting businesses while others regard the programs as wasteful government overreach. In 2015, though, supporters and skeptics of incentives were able to agree on a key principle: The state needed better information. The result was legislation that requires evaluation of economic development incentives on a four-year rotating cycle.
“The law created the Incentive Evaluation Commission to oversee the process. The commission determines which incentives will be evaluated each year and identifies their goals and what criteria to use to determine their success. Then, the commission can contract with academic institutions or private consultants to analyze each incentive. Finally, the commission makes policy recommendations to lawmakers.
“A strength of the commission is the range of perspectives that are represented. The voting members are private citizens who are appointed by the governor, legislative leaders, and nongovernmental organizations such as the Oklahoma Economic Development Council. Three executive branch officials, including two who are responsible for administering incentives and one with general budget and policymaking responsibility, serve as nonvoting members.
“In the first year of evaluations, 2016, the commission selected 11 incentives for review that collectively cost $110 million. To study the programs, it hired a consulting firm using a request for proposal process. This approach resulted in detailed evaluations with thoughtful discussions of each incentive. One strength of the evaluations was their assessments of whether each incentive has adequate protections to ensure that its costs do not increase quickly and unexpectedly — a particularly relevant consideration for Oklahoma, which has faced budget challenges in recent years because of certain incentives.
“The evaluations also presented clear, well-supported policy options. In some cases, they proposed wholesale overhauls of incentives, while in others they suggested more subtle changes, such as collecting better data. Even if those recommendations do not end all disagreements over incentives, they should provide a common starting point for discussions of how Oklahoma can strengthen its economy most effectively.”
Mark Arend has been editor in chief of Site Selection magazine since 2001. Prior to joining the editorial staff in 1997, he worked for 10 years in New York City at Wall Street Computer Review, ABA Banking Journal and Global Investment Technology. Mark graduated from the University of Hartford (Conn.) in 1985 and lives near Atlanta, Georgia.